There is now little doubt that global warming and climate change are the result of human activity. This has happened because of a failure in environmental policy by governments and a lack of concern for wasted energy by individuals.
It is almost universally accepted that climate change is the consequence of a number of environmental failings. Perhaps the most important of these is how fossil fuels such as gas and coal are still the main source of power. This is a problem because their use means that a large amount of CO2 is released into the atmosphere causing the greenhouse effect. Another serious issue is how illegal logging continues in rainforests and the Amazon Basin in particular. It should also not be forgotten that there is a connection between global warming and the inefficient use of energy by consumers in the home.
While governments must take prime responsibility for reducing climate change, individuals too can play a part. Political leaders across the globe need to cooperate so that research into renewable forms of energy such as wind and solar power is properly funded and the use of coal and gas in power stations is phased out. They must also of course ensure that regulations against logging are properly enforced. Consumers of energy can help by insulating their homes properly and using solar panels where possible so that less energy is required and wasted. These actions should limit the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere and so reduce the greenhouse effect.
In conclusion, while global warming is a serious threat to humanity, there are a number of steps that can be taken to reduce its effects.
This is a two-part question. To answer it, you must write about both
the causes of climate change and
what can be done about it by both governments and individuals The sensible approach is to use separate paragraphs for each point. The essay below is divided into two main topic paragraphs. You could use three if you wanted to write a separate paragraph for government and individual actions.
Choosing the language
You should see that you need this language for the essay:
(1) climate change vocabulary
(2) cause and effect vocabulary
Political issue: There are many political issues in America such as women’s rights and immigration.
Climate crisis: There are many political issues in America such as women’s rights and immigration.
Global warming: Global warming is causing polar bears in the north and deep south to die.
Green consumer: Becoming a green consumer can help fix the climate crisis in the world.
Carbon emissions: Reducing our carbon emissions can slow down the effects of global warming on our planet.
Historical average: The temperatures have risen and beaten the historical average.
Current levels: The current levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are dangerously high.
Carbon footprint: Every person must reduce their carbon footprint by mindfully treating the environment better.
Climate solutions: There are many climate solutions that can help our planet, but we all must do our part to make a change.
- suggestion vocabulary
Don’t forget this. You have options here too. The mistake is to go “must” “must” “must”. English had lots of words for this. Think of